P45s, P60s & P11Ds — what are they and what are they used for?

Last updated on 18 October 2021

P45s, P60s and P11Ds. The chances are we've all heard of them at some point or another, but how many can confidently say what each one does?

All three fall under the umbrella term of PAYE (Pay As You Earn) forms and they all act as proof of earnings and tax paid, including both income tax and National Insurance contributions (NICs).

The thing is, PAYE forms are as important to employers as they are to individual employees, yet very few understand what they are and, more importantly, what they are used for.

The P45

Let's start with the P45. This is an important document that is issued to an employee at the end of their employment. It details exactly how much taxable income an employee has received and the total amount of tax paid.

The document itself is divided into three different sections. Confusingly, Part 1 is itself split into two; Part 1A and Part 1. Part 1A is issued to employees and they must retain this document for their own personal records. The employer sends Part 1 to HMRC to ensure that they have all the relevant documentation.

Parts 2 and 3 are for employees, and they should retain this until they find a new job. Once they do, they should pass these to their next employer.

P45s & PayFit

PayFit submits all leaver information to HMRC and automatically generates all leaver P45s for the employer once the latest monthly payroll run has been completed. The employer can then distribute these to the employees.

The P60

A P60, otherwise known as an End of Year Certificate, details an employee's total taxable gross earned throughout the year. It is also broken down between current employment and previous employment.

The P60 contains details of employees' National Insurance contributions (NICs) during their current employment, any statutory parental pay received and any student loan repayments.

Everyone who's in employment at the end of the tax year on 5 April will receive a P60 from their employer by no later than 31 May.

P60s are used for record-keeping, self-assessment tax returns through HMRC and proof of earnings. They are also one of three documents, along with a recent payslip and UK passport, that can be used to prove identity when setting up a personal tax account.

P60s & PayFit

We automatically generate all P60s at the end of the tax year.

The P11D

A P11D is a form used to detail benefits received by an employee that hasn't been payrolled or included in a PAYE Settlement Agreement (PSA).

The details of these benefits need to be completed by the employer and then submitted to HMRC. Each employee requires a separate P11D form, and an employer must send copies to both employees and HMRC.

HMRC will then adjust the tax code to ensure that the tax due on any benefit is recovered through PAYE.

P11Ds & PayFit

Provided that the benefits have all been appropriately recorded on the PayFit app, the app will auto-populate all relevant P11D information for each employee.

Not only does this save a substantial amount of time, but it also reduces the risk of any errors occurring as the need for manual data input is removed.

Interested in finding out how PayFit can help optimise your payroll and HR processes? Then why not book a demo with one of our product specialists?

I really like PayFit's benefits management and automatic generation of P11Ds. Previously, generating P11Ds was a very stressful and manual task. Since moving to PayFit, the whole process has become like a walk in the park.

Swetha Sundaram, Head of HR at Diffblue

Want to experience the future of payroll?

PayFit disclaimer

The information contained in this document is purely informative. It is not a substitute for legal advice from a legal professional.

PayFit does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of this information and therefore cannot be held liable for any damages arising from your reading or use of this information. Remember to check the date of the last update.

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